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Changing role of teacher



A nation depends on the moral and economic development on the activities and the role of their teachers. They are the foundation builder of a nation and students are the very important material for that foundation. In is school, college or university, a qualified teacher is the builder of a student. The teachers are the people who create leaders for tomorrow. If teachers fail to discover the eternal power of students, the student fails and as a result the whole nation fail and the country fall apart. As it is said you give me good teachers I will give you a great nation.
The education system and the students of the 21st century have changed with the integration and development of new technologies. The twenty first century education system depends on Information Media and internet. In today emphasis is all about the development of thinking Skills, deductive and indicative skills and Interpersonal Skills. The present education system emphasis on the moral and career building skills of the students. Now there has no value for rote learning. Today needs are to meet the industry needs. To clarify, the teaching will be considered effective when a student use the classroom experiences in real life situations.
Changing role of teachers in the 21st century
For changing the world and digitization, the role of the teachers is more essential than ever to compete with other developed nations of the world. The teacher of the twenty-first century will be a teacher of state of the art skills
With the passage of time and new of technologies, the teacher’s role has changed significantly. The digital era see the following changes in the role of a teacher in the 21st century.

The Role of a Teacher
  • The teacher is the key in the process, the teacher and pupils have a major role.
  • Schools are one of the first places where kid’s behavior and future educational success is shape.
  •  Teachers are carriers of either positive or negative behavior toward students.
  • The reason why the first years of school are so critical is because kids learn the base of their educational life.
  •  Teachers are the second mothers for the students because students spend a lot of time with their teachers.
  • Teacher is someone who becomes through many years of training and experiences in the field.
  • Teacher brings considerable changes in the attitude and behavior of the students to achieve the national targets.
  • The role of the teacher is changing with the change in the philosophy of nation.
  • He / she has different role in different philosophies and times.
  • It is clear that he is the pioneer of method of learning process.
  • Learning process is incomplete without his share.
  • The teacher must create a warm and protective environment but at the same time professional.
The Role of Teacher in Idealism
  • According to Idealist teacher should be a model.
  • The teacher will have to develop the basic characteristic in personality of the pupils.
  • The individual is passive while teacher is active in this process.
  • The teacher will be a friend of students and a complete understanding of them.
  • The teacher will process professional excellence and mastering of subject matter.
  • Developing  The Basic Characteristic In Personality

The Role of Teacher in Realism
  • The teacher will act as a guide in this process; the pupils will have a central place.
  • Teacher should help the students to lead a balance and useful life.
  • The teacher will give true knowledge of the world.
  • Develop the potentialities and regards for values.
  • Teacher Guides In This Process
The Role of Teacher in Pragmatism
  • Student is the center for pragmatists in the learning process.
  • Teacher must as a guide not an autorotation or disciplinarian.
  • The teacher should be full of ideas and plan the activities of the student.
  • Teacher will give instructions only when the child finds of a difficulty in learning.
  • Freedom will be given to students to more about in the class.
  • The student will be active in the process of learning.
TEACHER IN THE PAST
  • Gone are the days when a teacher would be considered as a dreadful, harsh, aristocratic and non-friendly personality by the students.
  • The teacher of the older days would not take the pains to learn much and impart knowledge to others.
  • He never tries to refresh his knowledge and undertake courses to know something more.
  • Some of the teacher either do not use or do not know to use certain audio-visual aids.
  • Mostly teacher use rod or give corporal punishment to students when they do some mistake without knowing the effect of using rod.
  • This fear of the teacher and his being a man to take always a punitive action, majority of the children would either run away from the schools or would not make satisfactory progress in their learning.
  • Because tension and unfriendly attitude as well as atmosphere has never been conducive to learning.
  • In the past, students rely on teacher for knowledge and information.
  • The teachers used to be the major source of knowledge, the leader and educator of their students' school life.
  • Besides books, teacher is the only source of information.
  • The main role of teacher is just to educate the student. They don’t have any concern with student’s family, no care for the psychological equilibrium of the pupils, did not help their social integration and did not listen and solve their problems .Infect there is a large gap between teacher and student.
18th Century Classroom vs 21st Century Teaching
  • As educational leaders, classroom teachers, students and parents will agree, 21st century teaching carries with it a complicated mix of challenges and opportunities.
  • Challenges include the issues of teacher turnover, accountability, changing student populations and student expectations, mounting budget pressures, and intense demand to build students’ 21st century skills.
  • In the fast changing world of the early 21st century public education is also changing.
  • As part of the changes the role of schools and education will also be different both in the educational system and in the society.  Together with them the role of teachers will also change.
What Makes a Good Teacher?
            Thomas Peacock in his article “Native Students Speak What makes a good teacher?” states that a teacher should possess two kinds of characteristics:
  • Teaching
  • Personal
As Peacock indicates “teaching characteristics include having cultural knowledge, being interested in students, listening and understanding to their problems and using multiple approaches to solve them.
  • Personal characteristics include being caring, being friendly, having patience and respecting students.”
  • New social challenges and demands toward education and teachers change schools into institutions with modern aims and social contracts.
  • “We want our teachers to be highly effective. A teacher can be highly qualified but still not very effective. That’s why we had to start thinking more comprehensively about how we are going to step into a digital learning environment to strengthen our professional development and support.”  ( John Canuel  Jefferson County School  District Colorado)
  • Strong, healthy connections with prosocial adults have been identified as the key protective factor buffering children against the negative influence of adversity (Benard, 1991; Brook et al.,   1990; Hawkins etal., 1992). 
A Good Teacher and Effective Teaching
  • Effective teaching has to be fluid and adaptive to current culture.
  • The effective teacher understands that there are core skills and knowledge that have to be learned, but must be presented in a manner that students find relevant, even if not in their immediate lives.
  • This requires an art and a science to teaching that makes the teacher of the 21st Century effective.
  • Students across the achievement and socioeconomic spectrum need and deserve motivating, supportive instructional environments, engaging content, and the opportunity to learn in settings that support collaboration with peers, teachers, and the larger world community.
  • Students today live digitally every day.
  • They use the Internet, text messaging, social networking, and multimedia fluidly in their lives outside of school and they expect a parallel level of technology opportunity in their academic lives.
  • There is a disconnection between the way students live and the way they learn, and student engagement ultimately suffers. Closing this gap is a challenge for our current school systems.
  • Technological Role In A Class
Conclusion
Since the role of the teacher and the context of teaching have changed significantly, the new resources (knowledge, skills, and attitudes) are required to practice the professionalism in teachers. Certification in a given field or subject is no longer the sole qualification needed for teaching  in order to be considered competent for teacher job. To qualify as a teacher one must acquire the more complex competencies of teaching learning process.
 The role of teacher changed from a curriculum implementer to a curriculum developer, curriculum designer, curriculum planner, and curriculum evaluator. Teacher of modern era needs knowledge of IT skills, current affairs, international trends, economic trade, defense and other aspects related to general life. Have knowledge of new era and its demands and have a vision of the contemporary social issues, the religious affairs and moral issues, and their solutions.

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